THE EGYPTIAN SUPREMACY 1553-1392 B.C.
AAHMES'S Syrian campaign marks the beginning of a new era both in Egyptian and in Palestinian history. A hundred years' struggle for freedom had trained the Egyptians in war, and had overcome their dread of Asiatics. They had learned to use horses and chariots, and had thus greatly increased the efficiency of their army. Safety demanded that the power of the Hyksos should be broken, and a desire for revenge prompted their pursuit even into the strongholds of Canaan. The earlier expeditions having proved successful, a thirst for blood and for booty was aroused, and other expeditions were undertaken. Babylon had withdrawn from the field, so that there was no powerful enemy to be encountered until Mitanni was reached in the extreme north. Trade through the Red Sea, that had sprung up since the Mesopotamian overland route had been closed, brought increased wealth and made Egypt capable of new military undertakings. During the XVIIIth dynasty, accordingly, she became for the first time a world-power.
Aahmes was succeeded by Amenhotep (Amenophis)