THE RISE OF THE ARAMÆAN NATIONS 1376-1160 B.C.
ABOUT 1376 B.C. Amenhotep IV. died. As he left no sons, he was succeeded by Sakere, the husband of his daughter Mertaten, whom during his lifetime he had associated with him in the government. The change of rulers was the signal for the outbreak of hostility against the newly established Aten-worship. Sakere, who remained loyal to the teaching of his father-in-law, was forced from the throne by the Theban priesthood, and Tutankhaten, the husband of Ankhsenaten, a second daughter of Amenhotep IV., was made king. He conciliated the orthodox party by abjuring Aten, and by changing his own name to Tutankhamen, and his wife's name to Ankhsenamen. He abandoned Tell-el-Amarna, and allowed its palaces and temples to fall into ruin. Externally he was a zealous worshipper of Amen, whose temples he reopened, and whose cult he supported. Ay, his successor, had been a high official at the court of Amenhotep IV.; but on becoming king, he also professed himself a worshipper of Amen and did his best to undo the work of reformation.
None of these kings reigned long, and none was