THE ADVANCE OF ASSYRIA 885-745 B.C.
IN 885 B.C., probably the same year in which Omri usurped the throne of Israel, Ashur-natsir-pal III. began to reign. For more than 100 years Assyria had been feeble. Aramæan hordes had seized the lands on both sides of the Euphrates, and had cut Nineveh off from communication with the Mediterranean. The successors of Tiglath-pileser I. were engaged in constant warfare with these barbarians, and were unable to maintain his conquests in the West. Not until the time of Ashurnatsirpal did Assyria once more rouse herself, and begin a career of conquest that was never long interrupted until after the death of Ashurbanipal in 626 B.C. With Ashurnatsirpal, accordingly, there opened a new period in the history of Syria and Palestine. Here for the first time the Eponym Canon affords the possibility of an exact chronology.1
From 885 to 879 B.C. Ashurnatsirpal was occupied in reducing to submission the tribes on the border of his kingdom, but in 878 he began to push____________________