The Art and Architecture of Ancient America: The Mexican, Maya, and Andean Peoples

By George Kubler | Go to book overview

NOTES TO THE INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I
1.

"Paul Rivet", in A. Meillet and M. Cohen, Les langues du monde ( Paris, 1924), 599--602, and K. Sapper , "'Die Zahl und Volksdichte der in indianischen Bevólkerung in Amerika vor der Conquista und in der Gegenwart'", I.C.A., XXI ( 1924), 95-104.

p. I

2.

The theme is now under dose investigation by members of the Institute of Andean Research.

p. 2

3. W. D. Strong, "'Cultural Resemblances in Nuclear America: Parallelism or Diffusion'", I.C.A., XXIX ( 1951), 271-9.
4. Wendell Bennett and Junius Bird first summarized several years' work upon a simplified developmental classification of the prehistory of western South America, under the title Andean Culture History ( New York, 1949).
5.

K. Lehmann-Hartleben "'Thomas Jefferson, Archaeologist'", American Journal of Archaeology, XLVII ( 1943), 161-3.

p. 6

6. W. F. Libby, Radiocarbon Dating ( Chicago, 1951). A recent revision of the half-life of Carbon x4 from 5568 to 5760 years, at the National Bureau of Standards by W. B. Mann and W. F. Marlow, adds to the age ofall previously measured specimem ( New York Times 11 January 1960. The increment of age before present increases with antiquity; for specimens about 2000 years old the increment is of the order of 60 years. In the present book all Carbon 14 datings are given in the old half-life. To these the reader mint add an increment which is 3.40% of the age itself. (Verbal communication from M. Stuiver, of the Yale Geochronometric Laboratory.)
7.

The best edition is in progress by A. J. O. Anderson and C. E. Dibble, Florentine Codex ( Santa Fé, 1950--).

p. 8

8. For Diego de Landa, the best edition is by A. M. Tozzer, Relación de las cosas de Yucatán, P.M.P., XVIII ( 1941).
9. For Mexican bibliography, see R. Ricard, La 'Conquêe spirituelle' du Mexique ( Paris, 1933); for Maya studies, A. M. Tozzer's edition of Landa (Note 8). This is a bibliographical guide to the sources as well as a commentary and text. For the central Andes, the article by J. H. Rowe, "'Inca Culture at the Time of the Conquest'", H.S.A.I., II, 183-330, refers to nearly all significant sources.
10. G. Kubler, "'The Quechua in the Colonial World'", H.S.A.L, II, 331-410. For Mexico, several reports on seventeenth-century idolatry appeared In A.M.N.A.H.E., VI ( 1892-9).
11. F. J. Clavigero, Historia antigua de México ( Mexico, 1945).
12.

The most complete preparation of such p. 9 schemes is the book by Gordon Willey and Philip Phillips , Method and Theory in American Archaeology ( Chicago, 1958).

p. 9

13.

S. G. Morley complained that the native p. 10 chronicles of Yucatán suffered from 'a frequent telescoping of the time scale to make successive events contemporaneous' ( Ancient Maya, Stanford, 1947, 87). The same tendency appears in the long defence of the Goodman-Martínez-Thompson correlation for Maya dates, by the Carnegie Institution of Washington, whose workers thereby joined an ancient tradition on Maya chronology; see p. 121.

p. 10

14. Historia general de las cosasde Nueva España, ed. M. Acosta Saignes, II ( Mexico, 1946), 276, 315.
15.

Gregorio Garcia, Origen de los indios en el p. 11 nuevo mundo ( Madrid, 1729).

p. 11

16. Franz Kugler, Handbuch der Kunstgeschichie ( Stuttgart, 1842), and J. L. Stephens, Incidents of Travel in Central America ( New York, 1841).
17. I have shown elsewhere, "'On the Colonial Extinction of the Motifs of Precolumbian Art'", Essays honoring S. K. Lothrop (in press), that utilitarian traits survive or travel more easily than symbolic systems, which are much more perishable. In this context, the diffusionists have yet to explain the translation of Asiatic symbolic forms to America, where matters of mere utility failed to 'survive'.
18. The most complete statement of the new diffusionist arguments is the group of essays entitled Asia and North America. Transpacific Contacts, in M.S.A.A., IX ( 1953). For the argument based upon motifs appearing in art, see the essay by Gordon Ekholm entitled "'A Possible Focus of Asiatic Influence In the Late Classic Cultures of Mereamerica'", ibid., 72--89. To he added to his biblio-

-325-

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