The Emergence and Growth of Biotechnology: Experiences in Industralised and Developing Countries

By Rohini Acharya | Go to book overview

List of Tables
Table 1.1. Landmarks in the development of biotechnology4
Table 2.1. The NBF and the MNC: some comparisons 20
Table 2.2. Mergers and acquisitions in biotechnology22
Table 2.3. Strategic technology alliances in biotechnology, 1970-1993 (%)22
Table 2.4. Examples of approved biotechnology drugs/vaccines for medical use24
Table 2.5. Market segmentation (percentage of all firms active in biotechnology)25
Table 3.1. US patents granted for biotechnology (categories 435 and 424)44
Table 3.2. EPO patents granted for biotechnology (1980-1995)46
Table 3.3. Share of patenting activities by type of institution50
Table 4.1. A comparison of R&D capabilities across selected countries61
Table 4.2. R&D funding for biotechnology in Korea66
Table 4.3. Breakdown of biotechnology R&D in Taiwan in NT$ in 1991 (% of total)67
Table 4.4. Estimated assets of new biotechnology companies in Taiwan68
Table 4.5. Market projections of products in Taiwan in NT$ (US$) millions69
Table 4.6. Major tissue culture companies in India71
Table 5.1. Substitution through biotechnology84
Table 6.1. Some examples of common incentives96
Table 7.1. The CGIAR Network108
Table 7.2. Projects funded by the Global Environment Facility109

-vii-

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The Emergence and Growth of Biotechnology: Experiences in Industralised and Developing Countries
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • New Horizons in the Economics of Innovation ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Tables vii
  • List of Figures ix
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 11
  • Part I - Biotechnology and Its Development 13
  • 2 - The Development of Biotechnology 15
  • 2.1. Biotechnology: Definitions 30
  • 3: from Human Insulin to Oncomice 32
  • 4: Biotechnology in Developing Countries 54
  • 5: The Impact of Biotechnology on International Trade 77
  • Part II - Biotechnology and Biodiversity 89
  • 6 - Biotechnology and Biodiversity: The Links 91
  • Notes 102
  • 7: The Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of Biodiversity 104
  • 8: Concluding Remarks 117
  • References 125
  • Index 133
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