THE MILITARY PURGES
The case of the so called antisovetskoi trotskistskoi voennoi organizatsii v Krasnoi Armii (antisoviet military organization in the Red Army) was addressed in issue number 4, 1989, of the journal Izvestiia TsK KPSS. The journal, published by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, resumed publication in January 1989 after a hiatus of seventy years. Izvestiia TsK KPSS had been a journal presenting documents and communications from the various agencies subordinate to the Central Committee and was therefore official and authoritative. The report had been prepared by a commission of the Politburo that reviewed the investigation during the Khrushchev years of the repressions that had occurred in the 1930s, 1940s, and early 1950s. The commission used materials from the archives of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, the KGB, and the Institute of Marxism-Leninism. This exposure of internal Party archives was a prime manifestation of the implementation of the policy of glasnost as practiced during the regime of Mikhail Gorbachev.
The commission began its review of the case by recalling the Soviet internal political situation in the second half of the 1930s. The intensification and broadening of Stalin's repressive measures aroused in the dictator apprehension as to the attitude of his senior military leaders. Since the civil war they had enjoyed the highest esteem and respect of people both in and out of uniform. Their professionalism, independence of judgment, and open criticism of some of Stalin's favorites such as Voroshilov, Budenny, Kulik, and