SUBSEQUENT PHASES OF THE DIALECTIC-
ABSOLUTISTIC METAPHYSICS OF "RA
Romanticism. The current academic metaphysics, Neo-romanticism. Ranke's theory of "ideas." "Polarity." Goethe. The "daemonic." Goethe. Nietzsche.
The next historical phase in the history of German cultural thought was romanticism. There is practical unanimity in the academic assumption that romanticism in its beginning continued the "classic synthesis" of "rationality" with "irrationality," and that in its later stages it broke up that synthesis. We have already seen that the academic notion of "rationality" as plus-dialectic "reason," and of "irrationality" as minus-"reason" could lead only to the conclusion that a combination of the two must produce naught. Furthermore, we have found that there never was a "classic synthesis" of poetic-artistic achievement, but at most individual, more or less uncertain, intentions of combining not, indeed, "irrationality" with "rationality," but Kantian rationalism with Herder's theory of organic-genetic personality. Herder's theory, while anti-rationalistic, was highly rational. Herder rejected Kant's rationalism, not because he desired "irrationality" but, on the contrary, because he had shown that the rationalistic technic represented a much depleted and inferior notion of ration