Academic Illusions in the Field of Letters and the Arts: A Survey, a Criticism, a New Approach, and a Comprehensive Plan for Reorganizing the Study of Letters and Arts

By Martin Schütze | Go to book overview

CHAPTER V
THE THEORY OF ABSOLUTE PERSONALITY

Dilthey theory of "Erlebnis und Dichtung." Gundolf Goethe. Racial personality. Generation. Literary motivation. Intuition. "Anschauung." Bergson. Husserl.

Fichte's theory of the absolute Ego, the individual aspect of which was elaborated in his Wissenschaftslehre, and the collective aspect, in his Reden an die deutsche Nation, was the extreme form of the dialectic- absolutistic conception of personality. It reappeared decisively, though not in the terms of the Wissenschaftslehre, in Wilhelm Dilthey's theories concerning the relations of the poetic work to the personality of an author. That theory involves the absolutistic assumption that we can know the mental essence of an author's personality independently from and prior to his work.


WILHELM DILTHEY'S THEORY OF
"ERLEBNIS UND DICHTUNG"

The term "Erlebnis" has received since Dilthey very extensive academic attention. Both the term and the data associated with "Erlebnis" have become common to the cultural theories of both dialectic absolutism and of factualism, the other principal type of academic theories concerning literature, which will be examined in the second part of this essay. In order to avoid repetitions, the examples chosen in this and the seventh chapter, are sometimes applied simultaneously to criticisms of both

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