Academic Illusions in the Field of Letters and the Arts: A Survey, a Criticism, a New Approach, and a Comprehensive Plan for Reorganizing the Study of Letters and Arts

By Martin Schütze | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XIII
A THEORY OF INTEGRAL VARIABLES

A work of letters and arts is a closed organic whole, which cannot be reduced to elements of dialectic-absolutistic deduction ("conceptual universals") or of factualistic inference, i.e., to constants of generalization having their centers of relation in meanings not ultimately determined by such a work; but only to elements of ultimately integral unity within such a work. These elements represent a type of abstract thought different from, and coordinate to, the type which is characterized by constants. Thought in terms of integral variables is an ultimate and authentic process of understanding and "cognition," i.e., of rationality. The fundamental fault of the academic tradition in the study of letters and arts, or the humanities, has been the substitution of constants, or external reflections, for the proper integral variables, or meanings of intrinsic consistency. The principle of cultural personality. The problem of absolute existentiality, involving the two fundamental modes of organizing experience, and personality, or the "soul." Implications of the integrality of personality. Integral personality in a philosophy of life. How is personality understood? Poetic-artistic-cultural "idea" or meaning and its proper evidence. Some fundamental theses.

We have simplified in our survey the multitudinous academic approaches to the meanings, forms, and values of the humanities, to two principal types, namely, dialectic absolutism in its two chief variants of "rationalistic-classic" and "irrationalistic-romantic" speculation, and of factualism. From these academic types we have differentiated a third type, generally misinterpreted and rejected in the academic tradition, namely, vitalistic individualistic naturalism, which was developed ultimately by Herder into his theory of historic-genetic- organic personality.

-253-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Academic Illusions in the Field of Letters and the Arts: A Survey, a Criticism, a New Approach, and a Comprehensive Plan for Reorganizing the Study of Letters and Arts
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 331

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.