Decolonization & Independence in Kenya, 1940-93

By B. A. Ogot; W. R. Ochieng | Go to book overview
that wished to participate in parliamentary elections must adopt a presidential candidate.
11. The Eleventh Amendment of 1975 declared the Kiswahili language a parliamentary language. A member could now use either Kiswahili or English in parliamentary deliberations.
12. The Twelfth Amendment of 1975 empowered the president to pardon someone guilty of election offences.
13. The Thirteenth Amendment of 1977 established the Kenya Court of Appeal, following the collapse of the East African Community, which had hitherto run the East African Court of Appeal.

Notes
1.
W. R. Ochieng' (ed), A Modern History of Kenya ( London, Evans Brothers, 1989), p. 213.
2.
B. A. Ogot (ed.), Zamani: A Survey of East African History (Nairobi, Longman, 1974), p. 371.
3.
E. S. Atieno-Odhiambo and P. Wanyande, History and Government of Kenya (Nairobi, Longman, 1989) p. 116.
4.
Ibid.
5.
Republic of Kenya, 'Sessional Paper No. 10: African Socialism and Its Application to Planning in Kenya' ( 1965), p. 1.
6.
Ibid.
7.
See Ochieng', A Modern History, p. 158.
8.
J. Heyer, J. K. Maitha and W. M. Senga, Agricultural Development in Kenya: An Economic Assessment (Nairobi, Kenya Literature Bureau, 1976), p. 37. See also J. B. Ojiambo, 'Communication of Agricultural Information Between Research Scientists Extension Personnel and Farmers in Kenya', PhD thesis submitted to the University of Pittsburgh, 1989, pp. 19-25.
9.
Heyeret al., Agricultural Development, p. 37.
10.
N. Swainson, "'The Rise of a National Bourgeoisie in Kenya'", Review of African Political Economy, 8, January 1977, p. 39.
12.
N. Swainson, The Development of Corporate Capitalism in Kenya: 1918-1977 ( London, Heinemann, 1980), James Currey 1988, p. 189.
13.
Ibid.
14.
A. Hazlewood, The Economy of Kenya: The Kenyatta Era ( London, Oxford University Press, 1977), pp. 164-165.
15.
Colin Leys, Underdevelopment in Kenya: The Political Economy of Neo-Colonialism 1964-1971 ( London, Heinemann, 1975), p. 53.
16.
International Labour Organization, Employment, Incomes and Equality: A Strategy for Increasing Productive Employment in Kenya ( Geneva, ILO Office, 1972), p. 2.
17.
J.K. Maitha, quoted in Heyeret al., Agricultural Development, pp. 64-65.
18.
Hazlewood, Economy of Kenya, p. 175.
19.
Ochieng', A Modern History, pp. 212-214.
20.
W. R. Ochieng', A History of Kenya ( London, Macmillan, 1985), p. 144.
21.
G. Bennet, Kenya: A Political History: The Colonial Period ( London, Oxford University Press, 1963), p. 161.
22.
T. Mboya, quoted in Ochieng', History of Kenya, pp. 147-148.
23.
O. Odinga, Not Yet Uhuru ( London, Heinemann, 1967), p. 253.

-108-

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Decolonization & Independence in Kenya, 1940-93
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Contributors viii
  • Prologue on Decolonization xi
  • Notes xvii
  • Introduction the Invention of Kenya 1
  • Note 3
  • Part One the Decolonization of Kenya 1945-63 5
  • One Decolonization: A Theoretical Perspective 7
  • Conclusion 21
  • Notes 22
  • Two the Formative Years 1945-55 25
  • Conclusion: Towards an Alternative Future 43
  • Bibliography 44
  • Three: The Decisive Years 1956-63 48
  • Part Two the Kenyatta Era 1963-78 81
  • Four Structural & Political Changes 83
  • Conclusion 106
  • Appendix: Constitutional Amendments Under Kenyatta 107
  • Notes 108
  • Five - Social & Cultural Changes 110
  • Conclusion 143
  • Notes 144
  • Part Three the First Nyayo Decade 1978-88 149
  • Six the Economics of Structural Adjustment 151
  • Conclusion 182
  • Notes 183
  • Seven the Politics of Populism 187
  • Notes 213
  • Eight the Construction of a National Culture 214
  • Part Four Epilogue 1989-93 237
  • Nine Transition from Single-Party to Multiparty Political System 1989-93 239
  • Conclusion 259
  • Notes 260
  • Index 262
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