questions likely to arise regarding the role of the country's parliament, both as supreme guardian of the constitution and as an estate of government separate and independent from the executive. Kenyans will have to examine these issues more closely after the dust and mistrust raised by the manner in which the whole affair has been handled has settled. 22
Unfortunately, the dust and mistrust never settled. Instead, more dust and mistrust, which had been generated by the 1988 party and general elections, which were characterized by an unprecedented wave of rigging and other malpractices, spread to the whole country. The image of the government, the party and Parliament was marred, the trust in those institutions eroded and their legitimacy challenged. A strong civil society with a public voice was beginning to develop outside the state. Was the state willing and prepared to listen to that voice?