rightist party, the PML-N. The 1997 elections in Pakistan seem to indicate that the PPP is headed for imminent demise unless the party leadership undertakes a radical program to overhaul their organization and rethink their positions on policy and ideology.
Secondly, civil-military relations have moved toward a more democratic configuration. The electoral dynamics seem to have pushed the army away from their domineering and selectively deterministic role in various areas of public policy. While the army leadership asserted itself through the CDNS before elections, the post-election scenario has put constraints on its power. The Thirteenth Amendment has effectively put an end to the rule of what has been generally described as the "troika" comprising the president, the prime minister, and the COAS. 22 The president can no longer dissolve the National Assembly at will and the power to appoint chiefs of the armed services has shifted to the prime minister. The Nawaz Sharif government enjoys legitimacy in the form of a massive mandate and unlimited constitutional powers. The output of the government in terms of policy and administration will decide whether it can cultivate performance-based legitimacy for itself during its five year tenure. 23