Composed in 1915, The Shamed Trumpet describes the tragic uprooting of a Jewish family from a Volhynian village on the eve of Passover as a result of the promulgation of the notorious "Temporary May Laws" in 1882. These laws banned Jews from further settling in the villages of the so-called Jewish Pale. Their impact, coming after the even more infamous pogroms of 1881-1882, was traumatic. According to Simon Dubnow, the prominent historian:
With this [act] a large part of the area that hitherto had been open to Jewish settlement was closed to them. Millions of people were imprisoned within the crowded confines of the cities and towns of Western Russia.
The situation was aggravated by a provision that empowered the local rural councils to expel any "undesirable settlers" (i.e., Jews) from their midst.1
The literary device employed by Bialik is the frame story. The narrator is other than the implied author, and he tells the story of the expulsion of his family about thirty-three years previously (i.e., in 1882) in the first person. He is a Jewish soldier of about forty, the youngest son of the exiled family, who is a____________________