Stereotypes, Norms, and
in São Paulo, Brazil
with Roger BastideAlthough the racial situation in Brazil differs markedly from the
situation in the United States, there is nevertheless a racial problem in Brazil.
Large-scale industrialization and urbanization in
the great metropolises of the South such as Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo have brought about changes in the traditional attitudes
and behavior between the various ethnic and racial groups.
Lucila Hermann, from the Faculty of Economics of the University of São Paulo, devised a questionnaire to determine the
patterns of race relations in the white middle class of São Paulo.
The questionnaire includes four parts:
|1. ||A list of 41 stereotypes derived from the list of Johnson4
for comparative purposes with the United States, from a content
analysis of Brazilian literature, and from oral folklore. For each
listed trait (foresight, suggestibility, self-control, intelligence, and
so on) the subject was asked whether he considered, first Negroes, then mulattoes, as inferior, equal, or superior to whites.|