Race and Ethnicity: Essays in Comparative Sociology

By Pierre L. Van den Berghe | Go to book overview

6
Stereotypes, Norms, and
Interracial Behavior
in São Paulo, Brazil
with Roger BastideAlthough the racial situation in Brazil differs markedly from the situation in the United States, there is nevertheless a racial problem in Brazil. 1 Large-scale industrialization and urbanization in the great metropolises of the South such as Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo have brought about changes in the traditional attitudes and behavior between the various ethnic and racial groups. 2 Lucila Hermann, from the Faculty of Economics of the University of São Paulo, devised a questionnaire to determine the patterns of race relations in the white middle class of São Paulo. 3 The questionnaire includes four parts:
1. A list of 41 stereotypes derived from the list of Johnson4 for comparative purposes with the United States, from a content analysis of Brazilian literature, and from oral folklore. For each listed trait (foresight, suggestibility, self-control, intelligence, and so on) the subject was asked whether he considered, first Negroes, then mulattoes, as inferior, equal, or superior to whites.
____________________
From American Sociological Review 22, no. 6 ( December 1957): 689-694.

-97-

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Race and Ethnicity: Essays in Comparative Sociology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction 3
  • Notes 17
  • Part I - General and Theoretical 19
  • 1 - Paternalistic Versus Competitive Race Relations: an Ideal-Type Approach 21
  • Notes 39
  • 2 - Distance Mechanisms of Stratification 42
  • 3 - Hypergamy, Hypergenation, and Miscegenation 54
  • Summary 63
  • Notes 63
  • 4 - Racialism and Assimilation in Africa and the Americas 68
  • Notes 77
  • 5 - Toward a Sociology of Africa 79
  • Part II - The Americas 95
  • 6 - Stereotypes, Norms, and Interracial Behavior in São Paulo, Brazil 97
  • Notes 105
  • 7 - Ethnic Relations in Southeastern Mexico 107
  • 8 - Ethnic Membership and Cultural Change in Guatemala 137
  • Conclusion 149
  • Notes 150
  • Part III - South Africa 153
  • 9 - Research in South Africa: The Story of My Experiences with Tyranny 155
  • Notes 171
  • 10 - Apartheid, Fascism, and the Golden Age 173
  • 11 - Race Attitudes in Durban, South Africa 188
  • Summary 206
  • Notes 207
  • 12 - Racial Segregation in South Africa: Degrees and Kinds 210
  • 13 - Miscegenation in South Africa 224
  • Summary 239
  • Notes 241
  • 14 - Language and Nationalism in South Africa 244
  • Part IV - The Indian Diaspora 259
  • 15 - Indians in Natal and Fiji: a "Controlled Experiment" in Culture Contact 261
  • Notes 274
  • 16 - Asians in East and South Africa 276
  • Index 304
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