The "prediction" essay shows that nonwhites tend to be more radical than whites in their forecasts, but the discrepancy is not nearly as great as on the "solution" question. Whites and nonwhites largely agree in expecting great change, but tend to disagree in their willingness to accept change. Most whites expect more change than they are prepared to accept. Among nonwhites, some anticipate less change than they hope for, though the majority expect their desire for equality to be realized. Only 12.8 per cent of the Europeans and 8.4 per cent of the nonwhites expect the status quo to last for another twenty years, whereas 15.2 per cent and 23.5 per cent respectively anticipate a black government to the exclusion of whites or of all non-Africans.
Whites and nonwhites share a nearly equal pessimism about the way change will come: 54.4 per cent of the Europeans and 58.0 per cent of the non-Europeans say that they expect large- scale violence and bloodshed. Men tend to anticipate violence more than women. While this finding is undoubtedly colored by the police shootings a few weeks previous to answering the questionnaire, such pessimism is probably realistic.
Whites and nonwhites are likewise in agreement in their assessment of the past: 81.0 per cent of the sample say that the racial situation has deteriorated in the last twenty years, and only 6.7 per cent say that it has improved. The whites who say things have improved mostly mention a rise in living standards, while the nonwhites base their optimism on the hope that the extreme reactionary policies of the Nationalist government will precipitate the struggle for liberation.
A questionnaire study was conducted on a sample of 383 urban middle-class students in Durban. One of the most striking, if not unexpected, findings is the great difference in the attitudes of European as opposed to non-European respondents. Racialism and prejudice, though not absent among Africans and Indians, is strongest among Europeans.
Social distance increases with the subject's position in the South