A number of related factors make the Union of South Africa an ideal object of investigation in the field of miscegenation. The exceptionally virulent brand of racism that has developed in South Africa since the beginning of the twentieth century was accompanied by an increasingly morbid fear of miscegenation unparalleled in intensity anywhere else in the world. 1 As a consequence of this miscegenophobia, South Africa went further than any other country in recent times in prohibiting by law all sexual relations, whether marital or nonmarital, between whites and nonwhites. Finally, the South African government, in its concern over "bastardization," provides the social scientist with the best data on interracial marriage and concubinage of any country known to the author.
The history of miscegenation in South Africa is as old as the first permanent Dutch settlement at the Cape in 1652. In the first few decades, some instances of marriage between Dutchmen and Christianized Hottentot women took place, as well as extensive nonmarital relations between masters and female slaves. 2 In the 1670's, an estimated three-fourths of all children of female slaves had white fathers. 3 With the rise of color prejudice in the____________________