Asians in East and
Close to one million descendants of immigrants from the Indian subcontinent now live in Africa. 1 Some 95 per cent of them are found in South and East Africa. A little over half a million Asians live in South Africa, mostly in Durban, Pietermaritzburg, the coastal belt of Natal, and the industrial complex of the Witwatersrand in and around Johannesburg. Kenya, with an Asian population of some 160,000, comes in second place, the largest concentrations being found in the country's two largest cities, Nairobi and Mombasa. Uganda and Tanzania each have Asian communities of 80,000 to 100,000, which are likewise heavily concentrated in the urban areas, principally Kampala and Dar es Salaam. Much smaller groups are also found in Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Ruanda, Burundi, Somalia, and the Eastern Congo, but, as all these communities together total less than 50,000 people, we shall not be concerned with them here. Only in Malawi where they number some 11,000 do they play a significant economic role.
The Indians of Africa are but a part of a much wider diaspora of people who, during the last three thousand years, have radiated from the subcontinent down the Southeast Asian peninsula, across the Indian Ocean, and beyond. There is a reference in the