Handbook of the War

By John C. De Wilde; David H. Popper et al. | Go to book overview

13. PROPAGANDA

WARS, like other forms of political conflict, are ultimately decided by the thoughts of masses of people. Up to a certain point, these thoughts can be manipulated; the technique of this manipulation is the science, perhaps the art, of propaganda. The propaganda of a nation at war flies in four directions: to the home front, to the army, to the enemy, and to neutral countries.


THE HOME FRONT

Successful home propaganda is the first problem of a nation's publicity directors. The people, although they do not always have much to say about starting a war, have it in their power to stop one. They are the men and women who must do the fighting and suffering, and they know when they have had enough.

In previous chapters we have considered the two material factors, munitions and food, which are the basic ingredients of national morale. The loyalty of the Russian soldiers in 1917, sent against the German machine guns without rifles and slaughtered by the thousands, could not have been regained by any amount of citations and editorials. Similarly, when the British cut off Germany's food supply in the last war, morale was destroyed. The first months of this war found both Britain and Germany spending most of their ingenuity in attacking

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Handbook of the War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Maps and Pictorial Charts v
  • Note vii
  • 1. What They Are Fighting For - A Rapid Glance at Europe Since Versailles 1
  • 2. the Geography of Land War 15
  • 3. Armed Men 33
  • 4. the War of Attrition 44
  • 5. the War of Annihilation 57
  • 6. Air: the New Dimension 69
  • 7. Ships and Strategy 89
  • 8. the Sea Front 109
  • 9. the Economic Front 135
  • 10. Can Germany Be Blockaded? 153
  • 11. Merchant Shipping 181
  • 12. Paying for the War 203
  • 13. Propaganda 215
  • 14. the Defense of America 227
  • Index 243
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