Policing is a complex endeavor. It encompasses a diverse array of activities, many requiring specialist knowledge and skills. Many different disciplines have the potential to contribute to the development of relevant knowledge and skill bases and, in so doing, add to effective policing. This volume focuses on the particular contributions of psychological theory and research.
The first section of the book, Psychology and Operational Policing, illustrates the contribution of psychological theory and research to everyday policing activities including patroling and conflict resolution, traffic law enforcement, prevention of criminal behavior, interviewing, eyewitness identification, and detection of guilty knowledge. It also illustrates how performance in many of these operational policing areas can be enhanced by judicious application of principles and techniques developed and validated through laboratory and controlled field research.
The second section, Psychology and Organizational Functioning, provides a guide to organizational practice based on comprehensive reviews of research on personnel selection, integrity testing, instruction and training, performance appraisal, supervision and leadership, group functioning and performance, shiftwork, and job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The section concludes with a general discussion of police research that provides insights into techniques for evaluating the utility of research findings and guidance for researchers undertaking work in the police environment. The areas covered in these various chapters are not the only ones where psychology can and has made a contribution, but they provide a clear indication of the strength and breadth of that contribution.
We hope that Psychology and Policing will alert police researchers, adminis-