AT Cartagena of the Indies, the port for New Granada, Bolivar interviewed President Torres. The fame of his courage had passed the Cordilleras. Bolivar was authorized to serve with his rank of colonel; he was commended to General Labatut, who ordered him forthwith to occupy the advanced post at Barraca on the Magdalena River.
Before Bolivar parted from his friends, he left with them the manuscript of a declaration which he had written during his passage; he asked them to be good enough to have it printed and to distribute copies here and there about the country. This was promised, and Bolivar started up the Magdalena on a raft.
On the 15th of December, a fortnight after his departure, the proclamation appeared, under the title of 'The Manifesto of the Venezuelan Colonel Simon Bolivar to the people of New Granada.'
The manifesto was fairly long, and contained the following statements:
'If Venezuela has given way, the chief blame lies with her leaders, who sought their inspiration in books written by visionaries. They tried to found a perfect political system on the basis of the perfection of the human race. We have been led by philosophers, our laws made by philanthropists, our tactics decided