MORILLO wrote to Ferdinand VII to report on the critical situation in which he found himself. His troops had suffered considerable losses, all the reënforcements which he might have expected from Porto Rico and Peru had been used up; he had no more fighting men but the garrisons in the north of New Granada, inadequate against so strong an adversary as Bolivar, whose army swelled from day to day, and whose soldiers, knowing the country and supported by its inhabitants, were increasingly to be feared.
A formidable expedition was in preparation in the south of Andalusia. This war was dragging out, and Spain began to weary of the continual demands of her generals. The colonies must be subdued at all costs.
Happily for them a military rising led by Captain Riego forced Ferdinand VII to restore the Constitution of Cadiz, which the King had quietly suppressed when he regained his throne. Difficulties sprang up on every side, and little by little the expeditionary force melted away. There was a hope that the restoration of the Constitution would be enough to satisfy the American republicans. They, on the contrary, saw in the abdication of royal authority but a result of their demands; since the central government had given way on one point, it might give way on others. The last defenders of Spanish rule came over to the republican side.