MORILLO was recalled to Spain and the armistice found itself undermined from both sides.
On the 28th of January, the town of Maracaibo declared itself for the Republic and revolted against the Spanish garrison. Exchanges of notes, mutual threats, and accusations of bad faith in regard to the clauses of the treaty rendered the peace more and more doubtful.
With one accord Bolivar and la Torre, who had replaced Morillo, decided to resume hostilities from the date of April 28th.
Bolivar ordered his soldiers to respect the Treaty of Trujillo and threatened with death any one who murdered a prisoner or committed an atrocity.
After some unimportant skirmishing, the two armies met at Carabobo. The Spaniards were the better placed and their position seemed impregnable. Paez took a briar-choked path at the bottom of a ravine in order to turn the enemy's right flank, but so narrow was the way that his horsemen were obliged to advance in Indian file, and when they reached the end they came upon four of the strongest Spanish battalions, who shot them down at leisure. The magnificent stand of the British Legion, whose men, kneeling on one knee, fired without ceasing, at last allowed the Ilaneros to re-form. Paez's bodyguard and General Herras's infantry then came into action, and, attacking the royal