BOLIVAR, who always criticized his countrymen for their pretentiousness and above all for their ignorance, did his best to provide them with opportunities for instruction. In a liberated town his first care was to restore the schools; he himself drew up the syllabus, interviewed professors and sent for some from Europe. Colombia could not play her part as a Power until she possessed educated politicians. Formerly the rich families used to send their children to spend some years in Spain; that was no longer to be thought of, and it was in the country of their birth that the young Creoles must receive a model education.
At Cuzco, the old College of San Francisco de Borja was entirely remodelled, under the name of College of the Sun. Bolivar made a point of being present at the opening; he gave an address on the necessity of study. He had never forgotten what Humboldt had said to him about the remarkable gifts which that savant had observed in certain Americans. Bolivar wished that those gifts should have a chance to develop.
Many large towns were without a book-shop or even a printing-press. At Cuzco they printed journals, thanks to the press which the Viceroy Laserna. had sent for from Lima to distribute manifestoes to the inhabitants, and had abandoned there. Bolivar was a great believer in the importance of journals; all