JOSÉ DE SUCRE, sickened by the hypocrisy and ambition of the magistrates, sent in his resignation, in spite of his love for his Bolivian fatherland, which bore the name of the Liberator and whose capital bore his own name. He was disgusted with the Presidency and retired into Colombia. At once there was anarchy. All the lawyers and officers who had been watching for Sucre's departure quarrelled over the succession.
In Peru, a Congress called to consider the Bolivian Constitution, with a view to its adoption, rejected it unanimously. Marshal Don José de Lamar was elected President of Peru in place of Bolivar: he invaded Bolivian territory under the pretext of preventing that nation from having a constitution which Peru would by no means accept.
In New Granada, Cartagena, Ocaña, and Magdalena were in a state of open civil war. The violent action of two of Bolivar's colonels in a printer's shop was made an excuse for insulting articles upon the Liberator. The majority of the Congress were no longer, as formerly, for Bolivar; they demanded explanations of his most trifling acts. On the other hand, a public meeting invited Bolivar to dissolve the Congress, and to resume the supreme command until peace should be established everywhere. It was a new dictatorship which the Liberator, desirous of peace,