FROM Mexico to Cape Horn there was civil war.
In Peru no one, not even Lamar, had been able to replace Bolivar. One President succeeded another; it was a game of grab; the highest officials quarrelled over the most puerile questions. When the papers were not full of odious and lying propaganda, they were mere lists of crimes. Fifty different parties were at deadly war; none of them could come to the front without being immediately attacked by another even more fierce.
Anarchy reigned at Guatemala; there was neither President nor Ministers; colonels at the head of brigands ravaged the country, made laws as it pleased them, and the people were ruined and driven from their homes.
Mexico was governed by mere bandits, who held foreigners to ransom, plundered churches, and hanged their enemies without trial. The elections were made at the point of the pistol. Two opponents fought a terrible battle; suddenly taking fright as to the issue of the combat they fled, each his own way, abandoning their followers to the struggle. The rabonas or vivanderas fought even more savagely than their husbands. In the evening the victorious party had the greatest difficulty in recovering their leader, who was already far away. Nothing happened straightforwardly. All the communications were interrupted;