Stress, Coping, and Cardiovascular Disease

By Philip M. McCabe; Neil Schneiderman et al. | Go to book overview

pressure profiles to ethnic differences in left ventricular mass requires additional study.

Although this chapter reviews a number of physiological characteristics that differentiated Blacks and Whites, there is little evidence that the bases for the ethnic differences is genetically determined. Rather, the differences appear to be largely influenced by social and environmental factors. Future research should be directed at understanding the bases for the ethnic differences in blood pressure regulation and hypertension prevalence. Such studies will be particularly useful in the prediction of hypertensive risk and the treatment of the disease.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

This research was supported by National Institutes of Health grants HL36588 and HL07426.


REFERENCES

Adams-Campbell L. L., Nwankwo M., Ukoli F., Omene J., Haile G. T., & Kuller L. H. ( 1988). "Body fat distribution patterns and blood pressure in black and white women". Journal of the National Medical Association, 82, 573-576.

Agodoa L. ( 1995). "Review: African American study of kidney disease and hypertension clinical trial". Nephrology News & Issues, 9, 18-19.

Albright G. L., Andreassi J. L., & Brockwell A. L. ( 1991). "Effects of stress management on blood pressure and other cardiovascular variables". International Journal of Psychophysiology, 11, 213-217.

Alpert B. S., Dover E. V., Booker B. L., Martin A. M., & Strong W. B. ( 1981). "Blood pressure response to dynamic exercise in healthy children -- Black vs. white". Journal of Pediatrics, 99, 556-560.

Alter M. ( 1994). "Black-white differences in stroke frequency: Challenges for research". Neuroepidemiology, 13, 301-307.

Ambrosioni E., Costa F. V., Borghi C., Montebugnoli L., Giordani M. F., & Magnani B. ( 1982). "Effects of moderate salt restriction on intralymphocytic sodium and pressor response to stress in borderline hypertension". Hypertension, 4, 789-794.

Anderson N. B. ( 1989). "Racial differences in stress-induced cardiovascular reactivity and hypertension: Current status and substantive issues". Psychological Bulletin, 105, 89-105.

Anderson N. B., & McNeilly M. ( 1993). "Autonomic reactivity and hypertension in blacks: Toward a contextual model". In J. C. S. Fray & J. G. Douglas (Eds.), Pathophysiology of hypertension in blacks (pp. 107-139). New York: Oxford University Press.

Anderson N. B., McNeilly M., & Myers H. ( 1992). "Toward understanding race difference in autonomic reactivity: A proposed contextual model". In J. R. Turner, A. Sherwood & K. C. Light (Eds.), Individual differences in cardiovascular response to stress (pp. 125-145). New York: Plenum.

Anderson N. B., Myers H. E, Pickering T, & Jackson J. S. ( 1989). "Hypertension in blacks: Psychosocial and biological perspectives". Journal of Hypertension, 7, 161-172.

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