Integrating Environment and Development
Sustainable development is a highly debated concept that came into
common usage in international agreements after the Brundtland Commission published its report in 1987.
Its predecessor was 'ecodevelopment', a
concept developed by Maurice Strong at the time he was Secretary-General
of the Stockholm Conference.
It symbolized a synthesis of development
and environmental protection, describing an ideal strategy.
because of obstacles in its attainment, such as lack of integrated planning
and management, the concept lost some of its popularity.
emphasize ecological considerations more than development, the term did
not take hold among governments.
A new term for a new approach became
the concept known as "sustainable development," without losing an environmental content.
In its report, the Brundtland Commission defined sustainable development as "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."
report stated that the major objective of development is the satisfaction of
human needs and aspirations.
The term sustainable development was
described as containing two key concepts:
|• ||the concept of 'needs', in particular the essential needs of the world's
poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and|
|• ||the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social
organizations on the environment's ability to meet present and future
The Brundtland Commission emphasized human needs and the use of
economic growth as a means of meeting these needs, but it did impose a