THE OVERLAND MONTHLY
THE DESIGNS on the covers of the Pioneer Magazine and the Overland Monthly strikingly illustrate the change in the West during the fifties and sixties. The exultant emigrants on the cover of Ewer Pioneer looked westward towards the Pacific, confident that they had arrived at the promised land; fourteen years later the grizzly bear on the front of Harte Overland Monthly stood with his feet planted on iron rails, his snarling muzzle turned towards the approaching locomotive. The men who edited and wrote the Overland Monthly realized that they were nearing the end of San Francisco's frontier days; their grizzly symbolized the last stand for independence on the part of a pioneer society.
Between the Pioneer, the earliest of San Franciscan monthlies, and the Overland, the last before the arrival of the railroad, two other monthly magazines were published in the West. The cover design of the first pictured a miner's cabin beside a stream in the Sierra Nevada, and that of the second presented three Western maidens in classic draperies reaching for the Golden Apple of Literature, while the ominous Dragon of Ignorance menaced but did not frighten them away. The miner's cabin