Twentieth Century Music: How it Developed, How to Listen to It

By Marion Bauer | Go to book overview

PRONOUNCING GLOSSARY OF FOREIGN NAMES
THE symbols in this Glossary are those used in Webster's New International Dictionary.āle, sen′ate, câre, ăm, ärt, ȧsk, a + ̤ll ēve, dē + ̇-pend′, ĕnd, evẽr, thêre īce, U+012Dll ōld, u-bey′, ôrder, U+014Fdd, sȯn, oil, fo + o + ̄d, fo + o + ̆t, out=owl ūse, ûrn, ŭp, the French u* y=used as in yet or yard c=k as in cake, or s as in cite g=ġ as in go, or j as in gem, or zh (French) as in azure
A
Albeniz, Isaak
Alfano
Also sprach Zarathustra
Amati
Apollo Musagetes
Ariadne auf Naxos
Artusi
Aubert, Louis
Auric, Georges
Aus Italien
äl′bā-nēth, ē-zäk′
äl-fä′nō + ́
äl′zō shpräK(ch) zä-rä-to + o
̄′ strä
ä-mä′tē
ȧ-pŏl-lō′ mü-zȧ-jĕt′ (Fr.) or
ȧ-pŏl′ō mū-să′gẽ-tēs (E.)
ä-rē-äd′nĕ ouf näk′sōs är-to + o +
̄′zē
ō-bêr′ ō-rēk′, zhôrzh
ous ē + ́-täl′yĕn

B
Bacchantinnen
Baïf, Jean Antoine
Balakireff, Mily
bäk-kän′tēn-ĕn
bȧ-ēf′, zhôN ôN-twȧn′
bä-lä-kē′rĕf, mē′lē
____________________
*
The French u and the German ü have no equivalent in the English language. It is obtained by pursing the lips and trying to say e=ü.

The French nasals, in, an, on, un, have no equivalents in English: in (indicated by ȧN) im, ain, aim, ein, eim, are pronounced somewhat like an in anxious if divided thus: an-kshŭs. an, am, en, em, are indicated by äN, and pronounced approximately like the English word on. on is indicated by ôN and is pronounced like the on in the English word long. un is somewhat like un in the English word under (ŭN = u-nder).

The German ch is impossible to indicated exactly. Webster uses K but that does not give the guttural sound as though clearing the throat.

The French e is a cross between the English ā and ě. The ā would be close enough if we did not give a compound sound (ā-ē)to our long a, therefore, I have generally used ĕ to indicate the French unaccented e. While we have no exact equivalents for the French é and è, é is close to ā, and è to ě. The symbol ẽ indicates the French mute e like the e in the English word her--thus: lẽ, dẽ, etc.

Another problem is the accentuation in French of strong syllables as the primary accent invariably falls on the last syllable, though they are almost of even value.

The French g is indicated by zh.

-341-

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