Slaves and Missionaries: The Disintegration of Jamaican Slave Society, 1787-1834

By Mary Turner | Go to book overview

the way of a properly economic policy of free trade and a symbol of all the old, redundant, expensive, and reactionary vested interests the new Parliament was to sweep away. Under Buxton's leadership they pressed the Whig government into action, and the two problems of slavery and religious toleration were settled by the same stroke of imperial authority. The Toleration Act of 1812 was incorporated into the act for the abolition of slavery and, to circumvent obstruction in the representative colonies, the act was declared law by royal proclamation on September 4, 1833. The victims of imperial authority had become, briefly, its beneficiaries.


NOTES
1.
Duncan, Narrative of the Wesleyan Mission to Jamaica, pp. 315-16; Abbott, Narrative, pp. 132-36.
2.
W.M.M.S. Letters, Bleby, Montego Bay, May 1, 1832, f. 119, Box 131; Duncan, Narrative of the Wesleyan Mission to Jamaica, pp. 305-7; Bleby, Death Struggles of Slavery, pp. 198-207.
3.
Duncan, Narrative of the Wesleyan Mission to Jamaica, pp. 320-23.
4.
Ibid., p. 324; Bleby, Death Struggles of Slavery, p. 222.
5.
Gad J. Heumann, "Between Black and White: Brown Men in Jamaican Politics and Society, 1823-1865" (Ph.D. thesis, Yale University, 1975), p. 97; Bleby, Death Struggles of Slavery, pp. 222-23.
6.
Bleby, Death Struggles of Slavery, p. 225; W.M.M.S. Letters, Murray to Pennock, Montego Bay, July 31, 1832, f. 26, Box 132. The chapel, originally licensed in 1819, had subsequently been rebuilt on the same site, but no new license had been obtained. Murray's own preaching license had been issued in Spanish Town, and the magistrates, ignoring the ruling established by the Orton-Whitehouse case, claimed this-was unsatisfactory and refused to administer oaths.
7.
At Port Maria the Wesleyan missionary, Greenwood, was arrested on July 30, 1832. His license, issued in a neighboring parish, was found inadequate; he was fined £10 for illegal preaching and, on refusal to pay, was committed to jail by the vice-president of the St. Mary C.C.U. Greenwood accepted bail after three weeks in jail. W.M.M.S. Letters, Greenwood, Kingston, Sept. 8, 1832, f. 61, Box 132.

At Manchioneal the Wesleyan missionary was requested to vacate his house to accommodate a military officer or lose his license. He was duly arrested for illegal preaching and jailed briefly before being bound over. W.M.M.S. Letters, Rowden, Kingston, Nov. 10, 1831, f. 111, Box 132; Duncan, Narrative of the Wesleyan Missions to Jamaica, pp. 330-31.

8.
Ragatz, Fall of the Planter Class, p. 442.

-191-

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Slaves and Missionaries: The Disintegration of Jamaican Slave Society, 1787-1834
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vi
  • Abbreviations vii
  • Chapter One - The Planters and the Missionaries 1
  • Notes 30
  • Chapter Two - The Jamaican Slaves 38
  • Notes 59
  • Chapter Three - The Missionaries and the Slaves 65
  • Notes 95
  • Chapter Four - The Humanitarian Challenge 102
  • Notes 126
  • Chapter Five - The Struggle for Religious Freedom 132
  • Notes 144
  • Chapter Six - The Baptist War 148
  • Notes 173
  • Chapter Seven - Emancipation Achieved 179
  • Notes 191
  • Conclusion 195
  • Notes 202
  • Bibliography 204
  • Index 215
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