prove on the present, to accommodate the needs of all northerners with those of the nation, and at the same time fulfil the dreams of many Canadians by preserving much of the north as a place of true wilderness.
For assistance in my research, I am indebted to a number of individuals who were more than generous in their support of my endeavours: in the National Archives of Canada there was James Kidd from the Manuscript Division; from Government Documents, Terry Cook, Tom Nesmith, Mark Hopkins, David Smith, and their assistants; in the Historical Division of External Affairs, Dacre Cole; in the northern territories, the staff of Prince of Wales Heritage Centre at Yellowknife, and Diana Johnston of the Yukon Archives; in Britain, Donald Simpson of the Royal Commonwealth Society Library and Margaret Gowing, official historian of the British Atomic Energy Authority; and in Washington, Sally Marks of the National Archives, responsible for the diplomatic records of the State Department. With respect to personal inquiries, special thanks are due to those who took the time to discuss or write of their knowledge and experience: René Fumoleau, Maxwell Dunbar, Escott Reid, Graham Rowley, Louise Parkin, and Sheila Lougheed, sister of the Rt. Hon. Malcolm MacDonald, British High Commissioner to Canada during the war years. Very sincere appreciation goes to Trevor Lloyd who spent long hours in discussion and correspondence, continually adding new insight into the accumulated research and allowing the use of his original maps; to J. Lewis Robinson for his interest and editorial suggestions in the early stages; and, in the final hour, to Hugh Keenleyside who so kindly helped locate photographs, then read the entire manuscript for accuracy of detail. Thanks also to Margaret Tully and Lilian Rankin for their typing and retyping of the numerous drafts, to Betsy Struthers and Nicola Jarvis Jennings for their assistance in proofreading, to Louis Taylor, Barbara Fox, and Barbara Pitt of Trent University's Graphics Department, to Doug James for his cartography, and to my editor, Jane Fredeman, who deserves a very special mention for her ongoing encouragement and guidance. A number of my colleagues in history and Canadian Studies, including the late Brian Heeney, also offered their help and advice. To Bruce Hodgins, particularly, I owe an especially warm debt of gratitude for the initial inspiration and direction and his confidence in my ability to undertake the task at hand.
Over the past several years John Holmes played the role of critic and mentor with great patience and equal enthusiasm. Indeed, if it were not for his persistent encouragement that the story be told, this book might never have been completed. His passing this summer was a particularly sad mo-