I shall begin by quarreling with the title of this chapter. We economists and writers have a deplorable habit of trying to dodge responsibility and keep our readers interested at the same time by talking about "the working man," "the housewife," "the farmer." Of course no such person ever lived on land or sea. Every human personality differs from every other. The uniqueness of his inheritance, the millions of impacts with which environment has conditioned him, make Brown forever different from Grey. Factory workers living in standardized tenements, pouring in a black stream through the gates in the morning, pouring back at night, pouring down to the White City on Sunday, do present a mass effect where the use of averages, however inaccurate, is not altogether ludicrous. Clerks sorting letters all in rows present a similar picture.
But to use the simplification for the American farmer is too utterly incongruous. He does not operate in masses; geographically it is impossible, temperamentally he hates the thought of it. (And here I am using "he"!) There is no such thing as the American farmer or any semblance of