Elementary School Organization and Administration

By Henry J. Otto | Go to book overview

Preface

WHEN THE first revision of this book was undertaken in 1942, it became apparent that the "trends of the thirties" demanded a complete rewriting of the manuscript. Since the 1930's so much has again happened in educational thought and practice, and in research bearing upon the problems of elementary education, that the "trends of the forties" demanded new approaches and new viewpoints. Hence this completely rewritten third edition.

Since organization and administration should be continuously in tune with changes in educational theory and should facilitate the application in practice of the implications coming from research, one should anticipate a number of important differences between this and the former edition. The change in chapter titles and in the organization of materials within chapters is indicative of change in basic viewpoint. The student of educational trends might find it interesting to make various kinds of comparisons between this edition and each of the former editions in evidence from research, in viewpoints expressed by the author, and in nation-wide practices as revealed in survey data.

The objective in this country has been to provide a system of free public education administered through a series of units designed to provide articulated progress for children from the nursery school or kindergarten to the university. To organize and to administer the first cycle in this system, commonly termed "elementary education," to nearly 25,000,000 children living throughout all parts of the United States and its territories, in densely as well as in sparsely settled areas, is a major undertaking.

As educational theory and practice have attempted to adjust themselves to, and to keep abreast of, a rapidly changing social order, the scope of elementary education, as measured by the number of children served and by the variety of services rendered, has increased and the school has assumed a different role in the training of youth than it formerly did. To administer current elementary education in the light of modern conceptions of teaching and learning is not an easy task. The organization of the school must be responsive to changes in educational theory if modern psychology and present concepts of teaching are to find expression in classroom instruction. The administrator is confronted continuously with a variety of problems which seek solution through organization and administration. In the attempts to solve these many problems which arise, the administrator will wish to give critical examination to current administrative practices,

-vii-

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Elementary School Organization and Administration
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Editor's Introduction v
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • 1 - Elementary Education in Transition 1
  • Selected Bibliography 36
  • 2 - The Role of the Elementary School 37
  • Selected Bibliography 77
  • 3 - Curriculum Issues 78
  • Selected Bibliography 124
  • 4 - General Features Of Elementary-School Organization 127
  • Selected Bibliography 164
  • 5 - Grouping Children For Wholesome Development 165
  • Selected Bibliography 220
  • 6 - Children's Progress Through the School 221
  • Selected Bibliography 286
  • 7 - Organization for Instruction 287
  • Selected Bibliography 319
  • 8 - Organization for Supervision 320
  • Selected Bibliography 351
  • 9 - Pupil Personnel Services 353
  • Selected Bibliography 403
  • 10 - Library Service 404
  • Selected Bibliography 437
  • 11 - Protection and Promotion Of Children's Health 438
  • Selected Bibliography 483
  • 12 - Educational Provisions For Exceptional Children 485
  • Selected Bibliography 537
  • 13 - The School in Its Community At Mid-Century 539
  • Selected Bibliography 581
  • 14 - Provisions for Administering The School 583
  • Clearing-House for Details Of School Operation 610
  • 15 - School-Plant Trends 612
  • Selected Bibliography 650
  • 16 - The Professional Elementary-School Principal 652
  • Selected Bibliography 691
  • Appendix 693
  • Index 715
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