Elementary School Organization and Administration

By Henry J. Otto | Go to book overview
poses of education. Curriculum and method, without some plan for grouping pupils, would be difficult to manage; classification without regard to objectives, curriculum, and method would be untenable. New light should be cast upon the grouping problem as schools make progress in catching up with the frontiers of knowledge in elementary education. New methods and new curricular organizations may revolutionize classification procedures. Washburne, in comparing children in progressive schools with children in regimented schools of the same age, grade, sex, intelligence, and socioeconomic status, found that (1) the progressive school children were significantly superior to the traditional type school children in general social adjustment; (2) the children in progressive schools were happier than their conventional schools pairs; and (3) in purpose the progressive school pupils were consistently superior, the difference between the two groups being greater in the subtest showing the sense of purpose than in any other division of the test.51Many phases of pupil classification are closely associated with promotion policies and practices. In some schools the primary grades have been organized as flexible groups wherein no formal promotions are made until the end of a child's third or fourth year in school. Within such a primary unit, groups are kept fluid throughout the period so that individual children are reclassified many times each year. Other schools have ungraded remedial rooms which always have a quota of pupils equal to the average size of class in the school. Some of the interrelationships between grouping and pupil progress will be treated in the next chapter.SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
CUNNINGHAM Ruth, and associates, Understanding Group Behavior of Boys and Girls ( New York, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1951).
DOUGHERTY James H., GORMAN Frank H., and PHILLIPS Claude A., Elementary School Organization and Management, rev. ed. ( New York, The Macmillan Co., 1950), Ch. 6.
ELSBREE Willard S., Pupil Progress in the Elementary School ( New York, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1943), Chs. 4, 5, and 6.
------, and McNALLY Harold J., Elementary School Administration and Supervision ( New York, American Book Co., 1951), Ch. 9.
National Society for the Study of Education, The Grouping of Pupils, Thirtyfifth Yearbook, Part I ( Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1936).
PETTY Mary Clare, Intraclass Grouping in the Elementary School, University of Texas Publication No. 5313 ( Austin, University of Texas Press, 1953).
Woolridge School Staff, Grouping, Marking, and Reporting to Parents, University of Texas Publication No. 5003 ( Austin, University of Texas Press, 1950).
____________________
51
J. N. Washburne, "The Social Adjustment of Progressive School, Public School, and Orphanage Children," Official Report of the American Educational Research Association ( 1938), pp. 40-43.

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Elementary School Organization and Administration
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Editor's Introduction v
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • 1 - Elementary Education in Transition 1
  • Selected Bibliography 36
  • 2 - The Role of the Elementary School 37
  • Selected Bibliography 77
  • 3 - Curriculum Issues 78
  • Selected Bibliography 124
  • 4 - General Features Of Elementary-School Organization 127
  • Selected Bibliography 164
  • 5 - Grouping Children For Wholesome Development 165
  • Selected Bibliography 220
  • 6 - Children's Progress Through the School 221
  • Selected Bibliography 286
  • 7 - Organization for Instruction 287
  • Selected Bibliography 319
  • 8 - Organization for Supervision 320
  • Selected Bibliography 351
  • 9 - Pupil Personnel Services 353
  • Selected Bibliography 403
  • 10 - Library Service 404
  • Selected Bibliography 437
  • 11 - Protection and Promotion Of Children's Health 438
  • Selected Bibliography 483
  • 12 - Educational Provisions For Exceptional Children 485
  • Selected Bibliography 537
  • 13 - The School in Its Community At Mid-Century 539
  • Selected Bibliography 581
  • 14 - Provisions for Administering The School 583
  • Clearing-House for Details Of School Operation 610
  • 15 - School-Plant Trends 612
  • Selected Bibliography 650
  • 16 - The Professional Elementary-School Principal 652
  • Selected Bibliography 691
  • Appendix 693
  • Index 715
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