Jean Duruz, correspondence, 20 Sept. 1995.
The first version of this chapter was more detailed on this phase. It is important to say that the involvement of postgraduates in teaching other postgraduates in this period seemed a sensible extension of the success of the sub-group
system, especially in publication. It was also necessary because of the constant
understaffing of CCCS.
This, indeed, was one of the themes of the course. The term 'frameworks'
was preferred to 'theories' because it did not privilege theoretical texts. Theories
are found in everyday knowledges and feelings, political strategies, and detailed
These tended to be the two main ways of organising the course through the 1980s. By the early 1990s I had found ways of combining them.
During the three years there were successful memory work groups around
masculinities, father-son relations, black British people's fears of 'Fortress Europe', and working-class women students' relationships to the academy. The
memory work method as we used it derived from the work of a CCCS subgroup -- the Popular Memory Group of the mid-1980s. For more on the method
see Johnson and Clare (forthcoming).
Key influences on my own thinking have been the work of M. Bakhtin/
V. N. Volsinov
(esp. 1973), and Benjamin ( 1990)
This issue of the uses of vulnerability cannot be generalized, because the
social positions of teachers vary, too. In my case, even, it was easier to be productively (powerfully?) vulnerable later in my career than before.
I heard this phrase quite early in the struggle. I then read it in a transcript I
was given of a group discussion among some of the strongest critics of the
course. I quote from memory here.
Althusser, L., and
Balibar, E. ( 1974) Reading Capital. London: New Left Books.
Benjamin, J. ( 1990) The Bonds of Love: Psychoanalysis, Feminism and the Problem of
Domination. London: Virago.
Bland, L. ( 1996) Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality
1885-1914. London: Penguin.
Bourdieu, P. ( 1988) Homo Academicus. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P., and
Passeron, J-C. ( 1977) Reproduction in Society, Education and Culture. London: Sage.
Brunsdon, C. ( 1996) A Thief in the Night: Stories of Feminism in the 1970s at
D. Morley and
K-H Chen (eds.). Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues. London: Routledge.
Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies ( 1982) Making Histories: Studies in History-Writing and Politics. London: Hutchinson.
Clarke, J. ( 1991) New Times, Old Enemies: Essays on Cultural Studies and America. London: HarperCollins.
Dawson, G. ( 1996) Soldier Heroes: British Adventure, Empire and the Imagining of
Masculinities. London: Routledge.
Derrida, J. ( 1974) Of Grammatology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.