Expecting Trouble: Surrogacy, Fetal Abuse, and New Reproductive Technologies

By Patricia Boling | Go to book overview
59.
For statements of this sort of meaning of empowerment, see Ruth J. Parsons, "Empowerment: Purpose and Practice Principle in Social Work", Social Work in Groups 14( 2):7- 21 ( 1991); Lorraine M. Gutierrez, "Working with Women of Color: An Empowerment Perspective", Social Work 35( 2):149-153 ( March 1990).
60.
Handler, "Dependent People, the State and the Modern/Postmodern Search for the Dialogic Community," 1083-1111; Fraser, "Women, Welfare, and the Politics of Need Interpretation," in Unruly Practices, 156-158.
61.
Parsons, "Empowerment: Purpose and Practice Principle in Social Work".
62.
Handler, "Dependent People, the State and the Modern/Postmodern Search for the Dialogic Community".
63.
James Jennings reports a study that concludes that the nurturing of social and racial solidarity deters drug use in some African-American communities. Laurence Gary et al., "Some Determinants of Attitudes Toward Substance Use in an Urban Ethnic Community", Psychological Reports 54( 2):539-545 ( 1984), cited in James Jennings, "Blacks, Politics and the Human Service Crisis", in Blacks, Politics and Economic Development, ed. James Jennings ( London: Verso, 1992).

References

Abel, Emily K., and Margaret K. Nelson, eds. Circles of Care: Work and Identity in Women's Lives. Albany: SUNY Press, 1990.

ACLU Memo, October 3, 1989. In "Drug Exposed Infants and Their Families: Coordinating Responses of the Legal, Medical and Child Protection System" ( American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, Washington, D.C., 1990).

Baier, Annette. "The Need for More than Justice". In Science, Morality and Feminist Theory. Edited by Marsha Hanen and Kai Nielsen. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1987.

Bandstra, Emmalee S., M. D. "Medical Issues for Mothers and Infants Arising from Perinatal Use of Cocaine". In Drug Exposed Infants and Their Families: Coordinating Responses of the Legal, Medical and Child Protection System (American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, Washington, D.C., 1990).

Barry, Ellen M. "Pregnant, Addicted, and Sentenced". Criminal Justice 5:22-27 ( Winter 1991).

Bartky, Sandra. Femininity and Domination. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Benditt, Theodore M. "The Demands of Justice: The Difference that Social Life Makes". In Economic Justice, 108-120. Edited by Kenneth Kipnis and Diana T. Meyers. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Allenheld, 1985.

Benhabib, Seyla. "The Generalized and the Concrete Other". In Feminism as Critique. Edited by Seyla Benhabib and Drucilla Cornell. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987.

Beschner, G. M., B. G. Reed, and J. Jondonaro. Treatment Services for Drug Dependent Women, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, Md., U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1981.

Blum, Lawrence. Love, Friendship and Altruism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1981.

Bordo, Susan. "The Body and the Reproduction of Femininity: A Feminist Appropriation of Foucault". In Gender/Body/Knowledge: Feminist Reconstructions of Being and Knowing, 13-33. Edited by Susan Bordo and Alison Jaggar. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1986.

Chasnoff, Ira J., Harvey . Landress, and Mark E. Barrett. "The Prevalence of Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use During Pregnancy in Pinellas County", . New England Journal of Medicine 322( 17):1202-1207 ( April 26, 1990).

-131-

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Expecting Trouble: Surrogacy, Fetal Abuse, and New Reproductive Technologies
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 7
  • 2 - The Tailor-Made Child: Implications for Women and the State 9
  • Notes 19
  • References 21
  • 3 - Fetal Personhood: Political Identity Under Construction 25
  • Notes 44
  • References 51
  • 4 - Fetal Endangerment Versus Fetal Welfare: Discretion of Prosecutors in Determining Criminal Liability 55
  • Notes 75
  • References 79
  • 5 - A Gender Analysis of Policy Formation: the Case of Fetal Abuse 85
  • Notes 103
  • References 104
  • 6 - Punishment, Treatment, Empowerment: Three Approaches to Policy for Pregnant Addicts 109
  • Notes 126
  • References 131
  • 7 - The Aclu Philosophy and the Right to Abuse the Unborn 135
  • Notes 140
  • 8 - The Trope of the Dark Continent in the Fetal Harm Debates: "Africanism" and the Right to Choice' 142
  • Notes 152
  • 9 - "Surrogate Mothering" and Women's Freedom: a Critique of Contracts for Human Reproduction 156
  • Notes 171
  • References 174
  • 10 - The "Gift" of a Child: Commercial Surrogacy, Gift Surrogacy, and Motherhood 177
  • Notes 196
  • References 200
  • About the Contributors 203
  • About the Book 205
  • Index 207
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