the prisoner-functionaries. The average prisoner eked out a miserable existence, locked in an unfathomable cage of terror. 35
Spectatorship is not telepathy; nor are movies magic windows opening directly onto the contents of their creators' minds. Yet there are times when a documentary's explicit features, along with relevant pieces of historical and biographical background knowledge, strongly recommend the attribution of certain action-orienting communicative plans to the author. Assuming the filmmaker moderately rational, and his movie the outcome of purposive action, we may judge that a work such as this likely realizes plans such as these. In light of the available evidence, it is the judgment that makes the best sense of why the work is constructed as it is. In such cases, our reasoning about authorial intentions can give us sufficient grounds for preferring one interpretation over its rival.