THE present SYSTEMation contains studies prepared by members of the Mid-European Law Project which is financed by the Free Europe Committee, Inc., is under the administration of L. Quincey Mumford, Librarian of Congress, and Dr. W. Lawrence Keitt, Law Librarian of the Library of Congress. It is under the immediate direction and editorship of Dr. Vladimir Gsovski, Chief of the Foreign Law Section, who is assisted by Dr. Kazimierz Grzybowski of the staff of the Project and by Mr. Edmund Jann and Dr. Fred Karpf of the staff of the Foreign Law Section. The staff of the project is composed of lawyers from Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, who are refugees from their native lands.
The aim of the present study is to describe the actual position of the church in countries behind the Iron Curtain. It covers Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Poland. Another volume covering the Soviet Union, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia is under preparation. In seeking for truth, the legislation enacted behind the Iron Curtain was read in the light of the sum total of official material available, such as decrees, regulations, court decisions, declarations of officials, and the general press of each country. Official statements of church leaders in each country were also used wherever available. The authors of each national report refer to the history of churches in their countries where it is required for the understanding of present developments. It is emphasized that the views expressed in the reports are those of the authors.
Although the Church and State in the Soviet Union will be covered in detail in the companion volume, the main events in this field in the Soviet Union and the ideas of its Communist leaders form the background of development in the countries