the Social Sciences
We have noted that by all measures of political orientation, faculty in the social sciences 1 are more liberal or left of center than their colleagues in any of the other principal academic disciplines. Their polar position is not the only reason, however, that we will examine their political position in a separate chapter. As subjects directly concerned with matters of polity and society, the social sciences at once possess a greater potential for political influence and a larger measure of political vulnerability. They are the "political sciences." 2 On the one hand, the political orientations of social scientists are of greater moment because their disciplines are directly involved, in both teaching and research, with broad questions of public policy. And on the other hand, divisions over policy, both intramural policies and policies of the larger society, intimately affect the internal operations of the social fields.
The interest of both conservatives and leftists in the political stance of social scientists has grown since the 1930s, in part because of the view____________________