IN ALL of the three countries we have visited various motives conspired, as we have noted, to the founding of Christian colleges and universities. (For convenience we shall refer to them collectively as colleges.) The purpose of these institutions has been two-fold: To propagate the Christian religion, and to aid in the higher education of youth.
In earlier days the purpose of propagating the Christian religion clearly predominated. Moreover this purpose was conceived of chiefly in terms of the nurture of Christian youth, the development of enlightened Christian leadership and the conversion of young men and women from other faiths. There has been, however, a gradual shift of emphasis. The missionary teachers and executives, partly because of the disappointing number of formal conversions resulting from their efforts, and partly because of a broadening vision, have come to think of the religious purpose of the college largely in terms of the permeation of their students, and through the students the community, with Christian ideals and principles. And what is even more significant, there has been a growing recognition of the importance of the second objective, a growing tendency to stress the opportunity and privilege of the Christians of America, in the spirit of Jesus, to express their friendship and good will by stimulating and aiding the people of the Orient to provide for the higher education of their youth.*____________________