REORGANIZATION AT THE HOME BASE
The growth of missions. The Protestant foreign mission enterprise has grown from a small and intensely personal program of carrying the Gospel to "heathen lands" into a complexity involving hundreds of organizations, and related, as far as the denominations represented in this study are concerned, to 57,657 American churches with a total membership of 10,015,366. Excluding bequests, members of these congregations gave, in 1931, an average of $1.41 each to foreign missions. The administrative machinery, which includes devices for interesting the average church member to the point of giving his $1.41 yearly, for transmitting it through appropriate channels to its distribution point on the foreign field, for selecting and appointing individuals for foreign service, and for dealing with the incredibly numerous and varied problems of a world-wide program, is in the nature of the case extensive and involved. On the field the undertakings have spread from simple presentation of the Gospel to a wide diversity of religious, social and technical activities. It is not surprising that such great and rapid growth has resulted in difficulties, especially when it is remembered that the executive direction of these organizations ordinarily has been entrusted to men chosen rather for their qualities of church leadership than for skill and training in business administration.
In an important sense, the conduct of missionary activity is a business; in organization, in financial and executive procedures, the work of the boards closely parallels the running machinery of large commercial concerns doing business on an international scale, and the criteria of administrative practice may be applied as properly to the one as to the other.