(Born on July 9, 1879, at Bologna, Italy)
i. The Pines of the Villa Borghese ii. The Pines near a Catacomb iii. The Pines of the Janiculum iv. The Pines of the Appian Way
RESPIGHI wrote "Pines of Rome" as a companion piece to his Fountains of Rome. He may yet write "Hills of Rome," but it would have to be in seven movements. In the Fountains of Rome he set no bird a-singing. In the third section [of the Pines of Rome] "Pines of the Janiculum," he introduces a nightingale. Perhaps he had in mind the reply of the good King Agesilaus, who, when a man was recommended to him as a skillful imitator of that justly famous bird, replied: "I have heard the nightingale itself." So Respighi obtained a gramophone record of a nightingale which he heard singing. The movement would not suffer if there were no nightingale in the orchestra.
In the "Pines of the Villa Borghese," where children are supposed to be playing games, darting to and fro, shrieking, emitting loud squeals of joy, the instrumentation is unusually brilliant, effective, original. One finds more poetic feeling, more imagination in "Pines near a Catacomb," with the somber opening, the solemnity of the double basses, the mysterious song which swells