committee in 1993, he kept referring to the new cooperative as the "TKZS," the most commonly used term for collective farms in the socialist era. He made a special point to explain to me why he used the old term: "they are the same personnel, working the same way as before," in other words, an old song in an old voice.
This research was made possible by a faculty incentive grant to Hunter College, CUNY from the Joint Committee on Eastern Europe of the Social Science Research Council and the American Council of Learned Societies. I am grateful to the villagers of Zamfirovo and to colleagues at the Institute of Sociology in Sofia for their assistance. Thanks also to Daniel Bates and Trenholme Junghans for comments on an earlier version of this article.