It is also difficult to calculate the value of buildings and other property on the
former APCs. Much of this property is technologically outdated, and many buildings
need costly repairs. Thus, much of the "value" of the APCs depends on their
continued operation; their breakup and distribution of property among the APC
participants could well imply a distribution of negative net value.
When I asked several CDU politicians and administration officials in 1991 to
comment on such an interpretation of the law, they responded that they would not
disagree with that interpretation. (See also the statements by the German Minister of
Agriculture in The Week in Germany, 22 November 1991.)
This position has most recently been criticized by a group of economists from
the University of California at Berkeley who show that wage subsidies, tied to wage
rises, would cost minimally more than the current approach, yet would prevent people
from going through the pain of unemployment.
Students leaving after the eighth grade are not dropouts but received a complete
It ironically occupied two floors in the former headquarters of the SED.
The official German term in many documents for the territory of former is Germany is Beitrittsgebiet, which translates as joining territory.
For an example of how women are paying a higher price for unification than
men in eastern Germany, see Ferree and Young 1993.
Fewer than 14% of the Schloßberg respondents said in January 1994 that they
would vote for the CDU in the general election.
Arbeitsmt Jena. 1993. Jahresbericht 1993.
_____. 1994. Der Arbeitsmarkt. March 1994.
Economist. 1992. A Survey of Germany. 23 May.
Ferree, Myra Marx, and
Brigitte Young. 1993. "Three Steps Back for Women:
German Unification, Gender, and University 'Reform'." PS: Political Science and
Hamburger Abendblatt. 1992. "Ostdeutsche Bauern scheuen die Selbständigkeit". 2
Jarausch, Konrad H. 1993. The Rush to German Unity. New York: Oxford
Kinzer, Stephen. 1994. "A Climate for Demagogues". Atlantic Monthly 273 No. 2:21-34.
Knabe, Hubertus (ed.). 1989. Aufbruch in eine andere DDR: Reformer und
Oppositionelle zur Zukunft ihres Landes. Reinbek: Rowohlt.
Kopstein, Jeffrey, and
Karl-Otto Richter. 1992. "Communist Social Structure and
Post-Communist Elections: Voting for Reunification in East Germany." Studies in
Comparative Communism 25:363-380.
Luft, Christa. 1991. Zwischen Wende und Ende. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag.
Luyken, Rainer. 1991. "Was für Bauern bmucht das Land?" Die Zeit 12 July.
Insel. 1990. Der Vertrag zur deutschen Einheit. Frankfurt: Insel Verlag.