Raising Your Child's Inner Self-Esteem: The Authoritative Guide from Infancy through the Teen Years

By Karen Owens | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 3 Developing
Inner Self-Esteem during the
School-Age Years
Social Self-Esteem

The School-Age Child

School-age children are no longer babies. The ups and downs of the preschool years lie behind them, and the demands of adult life are still a long way off. The middle childhood years, however, bring their own special challenges. In middle childhood a child is taken out of the home and thrust into a new location with a group of new peers. This stimulates the child's mind in a world of sophisticated knowledge as well as the child's body in the atmosphere of new sports and games. Camaraderie takes on new meaning.

In general, middle childhood (ages 7 to 12 years) is a time of concreteness. Children are concrete thinkers who are highly dependent on actually manipulating objects or being able to concretely imagine them when they are solving problems. They have little capacity for abstract thinking.

On a social level, children's all-consuming interest in their parents subsides, as they withdraw their emotional energy from adults and begin to unite with their peers. Middle childhood is characterized by a shift from egocentrism to sociocentrism, a shift from initial awareness of self to an awareness of others, and also a shift from self-satisfaction to concern for the satisfaction of others. Children are busy with the process of blending into the social fabric.

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