Born in Moguer, Andalusia, the son of a rich wine producer and a cultured, indulgent mother. Sent to the Jesuit school near Cádiz at the age of eleven, where he read very widely but was often unhappy. Studied art in Seville, returning to Moguer in ill-health in 1897. In Madrid in 1900, where he met Rubén Dario. Recovered from a nervous breakdown aggravated by the death of his father in a Bordeaux sanatorium in 1901. Lived in Madrid from 1901 to 1005 and in Moguer from 1905 to 1912, years of delicate health, great seclusion and solitude. In Madrid from 1912 to 1916, where he met his future wife. Travelled with her to New York in 1916, returning to Madrid, where they lived for the next twenty years. Regarded by the younger poets as the doyen of modern Spanish literature despite his sometimes abrasive behaviour. Spanish Republic's Cultural Emissary to America in 1936. Resident in Puerto Rico and Cuba from 1936 to 1939. Lived in Miami from 1939 to 1942, where he lectured at the University. From 1942 to 1951 lived in Washington, DC and in Maryland, where he lectured at the University. Lecture tour of Argentina and Uruguay in 1948. In Puerto Rico from 1951 to 1958, where he lectured at the University. Awarded the Nobel prize for Literature in 1956, and deeply saddened by the death of his wife soon after the announcement.
Jiménez became an international celebrity two years before his death on the award to him of the 1956 Nobel Prize for Literature, although in the last twenty years it has become usual to prefer his great contemporary Machado. Jiménez had