A Reader's Guide to Fifty Modern European Poets

By John Pilling | Go to book overview

Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956)

Born in Augsburg of bourgeois parents, his father the managing director of a papermill, his mother the daughter of a civil servant from the Black Forest. Rebellious at school, he voiced violently pacifist views on the outbreak of the First World War and spent most of his time at Munich University in bohemian activities, beginning his lifetime practice of conducting several amours at once. Acted briefly as an orderly in a reserve military hospital before becoming involved in the post-war Communist revolution in Bavaria, where he soon acquired celebrity as a vagabond balladeer in the clubs and cafés Published some vitriolic theatre criticism in local left- wing newspapers, and commenced the playwriting for which he is primarily famous. Active in the Berlin theatre from 1924 to 1933, during which time he met the composer Kurt Weill, with whom he was to collaborate on his first great success, The Threepenny Opera. Went into exile the day after the Reichstag fire of 1933, living in great simplicity in Denmark, Sweden and Finland. In 1939-40 he emigrated to the USA, travelling overland through Russia, which he had previously visited only briefly, though much admired by radical creative elements there. Expended much fruitless energy on trying to make films in Hollywood and finally returned to East Berlin after a typically ironic testament before the Committee on Un-American Activities. Founded the famous Berliner Ensemble, but often in conflict with the Stalinist East German authorities. Buried in the old Huguenot cemetery in East Berlin.

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A Reader's Guide to Fifty Modern European Poets
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Contents 7
  • Preface 9
  • Charles Baudelaire (1821-67) 13
  • Stéphane Mallarmé (1842-98) 23
  • Paul Verlaine (1844-96) 32
  • Tristan Corbière (1845-75) 40
  • Arthur Rimbaud (1854-91) 47
  • Constantine Cavafy (1863-1933) 56
  • Stefan George (1868-1933) 64
  • Christian Morgenstern (1871-1914) 73
  • Paul Valéry (1871-1945) 80
  • Hugo Von Hofmannsthal (1874-1929) 88
  • Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926) 97
  • Antonio Machado (1875-1939) 108
  • Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918) 118
  • Aleksandr Blok (1880-1921) 127
  • Juan Ramón Jiménez (1881-1958) 136
  • Umberto Saba (1883-1957) 143
  • Dino Campana (1885-1932) 150
  • Gottfried Benn (1886-1956) 158
  • Georg Trakl (1887-1914) 166
  • Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935) 173
  • Giuseppe Ungaretti (1888-1970) 181
  • Pierre Reverdy (1889-1960) 190
  • Anna Akhmatova (1889-1966) 197
  • Boris Pasternak (1890-1960) 206
  • Osip Mandelstam (1891-1938 215
  • César Vallejo (1892-1938) 225
  • Marina Tsvetaeva (1892-1941) 234
  • Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930) 243
  • Paul Éluard (1895-1952) 259
  • Eugenio Montale (1896-1981) 266
  • Federico Garcia Lorca (1898-1936) 276
  • Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) 284
  • Jorge Luis Borges (born 1899) 292
  • George Seferis (1900-71 ) 301
  • Salvatore Quasimodo (1901-68) 308
  • Lucio Piccolo (1901-69) 316
  • Attila József (1902-37) 324
  • Pablo Neruda (1904-73) 333
  • René Char (born 1907) 344
  • Cesare Pavese (1908-50) 351
  • Yannis Ritsos (born 1909) 360
  • Octavio Paz (born 1914) 368
  • Johannes Bobrowski (1917-65) 376
  • Paul Celan (1920-70) 383
  • Vasko Popa (born 1922) 392
  • Yves Bonnefoy (born 1923) 400
  • Yehuda Amichai (born 1924) 408
  • Zbigniew Herbert (born 1924) 416
  • Joseph Brodsky (born 1940) 424
  • Bibliographies 432
  • Index 461
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