These bibliographies are restricted, except in a very few cases, to books published in England or America; I have supposed that those who wish to consult the poems as written in the original languages will do their own research. The word 'Collections' therefore designates not the individual volumes of the poet as originally published (except in a few self-evident cases which are usually bilingual editions), but rather selections made either by the editor or by the translator or, in some cases, by the poets themselves. The standard bibliographical practice of listing a poet's volumes in their order of appearance cannot therefore be applied in most cases, although I have tried to suggest an optimum order, as close as possible to the real order in which the poetry appeared, in which each poet's work might be approached. Secondary literature is listed in alphabetical order, except in the case of the first three sections where I have applied a chronological criterion.
Horatio Smith (ed.), Dictionary of Modern European Literature, Columbia UP, 1947.
Geoffrey Grigson (ed.), Concise Encylopaedia of Modern World Literature, Hutchinson, 1963.
Richard Ellmann and Charles Feidelson, Jr (eds.), The Modern Tradition: backgrounds of modern literature, Oxford UP, 1965.
Anthony Thorlby (cd.), Companion to Literature, Vol. 2: European, Penguin, 1969.
Martin Seymour-Smith, Guide to Modern World Literature, Wolfe, 1973.
Alex Preminger (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Poetry and Poetics, Princeton UP, 1974.
Malcolm Bradbury and James McFarlane (eds.), Modernism 1890-1930, Penguin, 1976.