Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective

By Martin Saiz; Hans Geser | Go to book overview

difficult at the local level for these parties to demarcate their political philosophy and program in an individual way, we find Liberals and Conservatives sitting on council as independents or find them grouped in nonaffiliated parties.

The final question concerns the reasons for the presence of an important contingent of independents in two of the four central cities considered. It appears that right-of-center candidates are in an advantageous position to run as independents. They can draw informally on the Liberal and Conservative Parties' organizational resources and, more important, enjoy campaign funding from business interests, specifically from the development industry. This state of affairs lessens the incentive for these candidates to form or join civic parties. Things are different on the left, where a political organization is needed to make up for a more difficult fund-raising context. This explains why the NDP is the only senior-level party to have been involved in more than one of the cities examined here.


Notes
1.
In the twentieth century, two movements attempted to transform comprehensively municipal politics: municipal reformism, whose period of influence broadly went from the turn of the century to the 1960s, and neoreformism, which changed the municipal scene of a number of Canadian cities from the mid-1960s on. The perspectives upheld by these two movements are antipodal. Municipal reformism upheld a minimization of local democracy's expression and the implementation of large expert-driven projects, whereas the neoreformists championed public participation and neighborhood protection.
2.
For most of the period covered in this chapter, three parties dominated the federal scene and that of a number of provinces. There is the Conservative Party, which stands between the right and the center right of the political spectrum. In 1993, this party virtually disappeared from the federal scene. To some extent, the position occupied by the Conservatives is now taken by the Reform Party, which stands, however, further to the right. The Liberals navigate between the center right and the center left, and the NDP occupies the range from the left to the center of the spectrum.
3.
Some of the information presented in this section originates from an interview with William Neville.
4.
Some of the information presented in this section originates from an interview with Paul Tennant.

References

Anderson, J. D. 1972. "Nonpartisan Urban Politics in Canadian Cities". In J. K. Masson and J. D. Anderson, eds., Emerging Party Politics in Urban Canada, 5-21. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.

-98-

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Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures ix
  • Part One - Theoretical Orientation and Empirical Observations 1
  • 1 - The Local Party as an Object of Interdisciplinary Comparative Study 3
  • Notes 37
  • References 39
  • 2 - Local Political Parties in Comparative Perspective 44
  • Notes 70
  • References 71
  • Part Two - Local Political Parties in Local and National Context 75
  • Notes 98
  • References 98
  • 4 - Local Parties in England 101
  • Notes 121
  • 5 - Local Parties in the German Countryside 123
  • Notes 149
  • References 149
  • 6 - Local Parties and Electioneering in Germany 151
  • Notes 169
  • References 169
  • 7 - Do Political Parties Matter in U.S. Cities? 171
  • Notes 189
  • 8 - Forms of Patronage and Political Parties in the Italian City 191
  • Notes 210
  • References 211
  • 9 - Local Parties in Switzerland 213
  • Notes 239
  • 10 - Local Party Organizations in Denmark 242
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • 11 - The Local Party System in Poland 273
  • References 281
  • 12 from Communist Predominance to Multiparty System 283
  • Notes 306
  • Part Three - Conclusion 311
  • References 334
  • Appendix: - Synopsis of Hypotheses 335
  • Index 339
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