Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective

By Martin Saiz; Hans Geser | Go to book overview

Notes
1.
Even in these cases, candidates and even parties campaign because candidates must win an endorsement of a majority of voters. A maximum of 8.6 percent of the cases in this study may represent nonpartisan elections.
2.
This survey was conducted by members of the research group Parteien und Wahlen in der Pfalz, 1946-1984.
3.
In the CDU, these units are known as "Ortsverbaende"; in the SPD they are known as "Ortsvereine." In the text, they will be referred to as both "local parties" and "branch parties."
4.
Party response rates were similar: 69.7 percent for SPD party leaders, and 65.1 percent for CDU leaders. Respondents returned 549 completed questionnaires.
5.
An additional 17 percent reported using just one such technique.
6.
The latter are loose groups that nominate candidates at the local government level only. Although free voters' groups do not nominate candidates in every community; their candidates are very successful in some communities (particularly in small ones).
7.
Pearson's r = .54, p < .01.
8.
Of these, 242 took chief responsibility, 261 said chief responsibility lay at a higher level, and the rest of the 531 in the survey gave no answer.
9.
Pearson's r = .23, p < .01.
10.
Pearson's r = .30, p < .01.

References

Beige, H. P., G. Fabritius, H. J. Siewert, and G. Wehling. 1978. Zwischen PersÖnlichkeitswahl und Parteientscheidung. Meisenheim am Glan: Anton Hain.

CDU (Christian Democratic Union) Bundesgeschäftsstelle. 1974a. Regiebuch 4: Wahlkampf. Bonn: CDU.

_____. 1974b. Regiebuch 5: Kommunalwahlkampf. Bonn: CDU.

_____. 1983. Handbuch Ortsverbandsarbeit: Erfolgreich für die CDU. Bonn: CDU.

Curtis, Gerald. 1992. "Japan". In David Butler and Austin Ranney, eds., Electioneering, 222-243. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Epstein, Leon. 1967. Political Parties in Western Democracies. New York: Praeger Publishers.

Esaiasson, Peter. 1991. "One Hundred and Twenty Years of Swedish Campaigns." Scandinavian Political Studies 14:261-278.

Faltlhauser, Kurt. 1972. Wahlkampf im Wahlkreis. Augsburg: Dissertationsdruckund Verlagsanstalt Werner Blasaditch.

Gemmecke, Vera. 1967. Parteien im Wahlkampf. Meisenheim am Glan: Anton Hain.

Gunlicks, Arthur. 1986. Local Government in the German Federal System. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.

Haungs, Peter. 1992. "Aktuelle Probleme der Parteiendemokratie." Jahrbuch für Politik 2 ( 1):37-64.

_____, ed. 1974. Wahlkampf als Ritual? Meisenheim am Glan: Anton Hain.

-169-

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Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures ix
  • Part One - Theoretical Orientation and Empirical Observations 1
  • 1 - The Local Party as an Object of Interdisciplinary Comparative Study 3
  • Notes 37
  • References 39
  • 2 - Local Political Parties in Comparative Perspective 44
  • Notes 70
  • References 71
  • Part Two - Local Political Parties in Local and National Context 75
  • Notes 98
  • References 98
  • 4 - Local Parties in England 101
  • Notes 121
  • 5 - Local Parties in the German Countryside 123
  • Notes 149
  • References 149
  • 6 - Local Parties and Electioneering in Germany 151
  • Notes 169
  • References 169
  • 7 - Do Political Parties Matter in U.S. Cities? 171
  • Notes 189
  • 8 - Forms of Patronage and Political Parties in the Italian City 191
  • Notes 210
  • References 211
  • 9 - Local Parties in Switzerland 213
  • Notes 239
  • 10 - Local Party Organizations in Denmark 242
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • 11 - The Local Party System in Poland 273
  • References 281
  • 12 from Communist Predominance to Multiparty System 283
  • Notes 306
  • Part Three - Conclusion 311
  • References 334
  • Appendix: - Synopsis of Hypotheses 335
  • Index 339
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